These are problems that occur in the vagina (a part of the female reproductive system connected to the cervix).
What to look for
your vulva is swollen and itchy.
you have white areas on your vulva.
there is more vaginal discharge than normal, it smells, burns or itches.
The vagina is like a channel which connects the cervix to the outside area called the vulva. It generates mucus and secretions automatically. It does not need our help to clean it, the secretions flow down along with other dead cells and substances. Discharge is normal and occurs in most women. It is usually clear or white in colour.
Common problems which occur in the vagina region are yeast infections, vaginitis (inflammation), bacterial vaginosis, sexually transmitted diseases, abnormal discharge and vaginal infections.
Bacterial vaginosis commonly occurs in the reproductive years. There may be a fishy-smelling discharge, but there may be no symptoms at all. Ask your doctor to investigate this possibility during your pap smear.
Yeast infections produce cottage-cheese-like discharge. They are very common and most women have or will experience them during their lifetime.
Vaginal infections are not serious usually; sexually transmitted infections such as Gonorrhoea and Chlamydia have been found to be associated with other complications.
Vaginal cancer, can be very serious and can spread to other areas. See our entry on Cancer.
Stress may cause a change in the vaginal bacteria which can create vaginitis.
Vaginal yeast infections are caused by the Candida fungus. The use of antibiotics can make this infection occur.
Conventional treatment is a must in diagnosing possible vaginal problems.
You will need to be examined and your doctor may prescribe the appropriate medications and/or antibiotics to treat the ailments.
The following are supplemental therapies that, along with your physician's prescribed treatment, may ease your recovery.
Herbal Therapies - Eat more fresh garlic as it has properties and may be effective in treating vaginitis and vaginal yeast infections.
If itching or minor irritation is a symptom of your vaginitis, bathe with an infusion of fresh chickweed for relief. To reduce inflammation calendula (Calendula officinalis) is often effective.
Homoeopathy - Certain remedies aid certain types of vaginal discharges -
A smelly, yellow discharge with burning, swelling, and soreness may be treated with Kreosotum;
A white or yellow discharge, for itching and Sepia is recommended;
A thick, creamy yellow-green discharge Pulsatilla.
These problems can become serious so if the treatment does not help, see your doctor.
You may need to avoid using tampons while you have vaginal problems as this can exacerbate the condition. Also avoid sexual intercourse while you have vaginitis or yeast infections.
Natural acidophilus yoghurt is brilliant for ridding the vagina of yeast infections.
Always wipe from front to back to avoid spreading infection.
A good diet, plenty of filtered water, good hygiene and adequate protection during intercourse will help your system avoid getting vaginitis.
When to seek further professional advice
you have excessive bleeding not at the time of your period or abnormal sharp pain along with fever.